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CuteFTP Basics

Thank you for using our tutorial. This is not an indepth tutorial that will reveal all the mysteries of the ftp protocol. It is a tutorial that will teach you everything you need to know about the WS_FTP client and how to use it to transfer web pages, files and programs.

  1. Launching the client.
  2. Connecting to the server.
  3. Changing directories.
  4. Creating ("Making") directories.
  5. Transfering files.
  6. How to CHMOD files.
  7. Finding the absolute-path.
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Launching the client.
When you install the CuteFTP client on your computer (after you have downloaded it) you will be asked if you want to add a shortcut to the start meny. Choose yes. I put mine in my accessories folder along with all my other business related shortcuts to programs. That way I never have to hunt around for it. To launch your FTP, simply click the shortcut with your mouse like any other program.

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Connecting to the server.
Once you have launched your FTP client, the user interface will appear on your screen as well as a connection interace called "FTP Site Manager":

Before you can connect with the client, you must set up the connection information which will be stored in the program for future use.

To add a new connection, click on the "Add Site" button. Look at the following form, instructions for filling it out are beneath it:

  1. In the "Site Label" box, type a name that you will use to identify different FTP connections.

  2. In the "Host Address" box, enter the FTP address of your server. It will almost always be ftp.your-domain.com as opposed to www.your-domain.com. If you are logging into an IP address, then you will simply fill in the IP address with nothing in front of it.

  3. Next you must enter your User ID and Password. These will have been given to you by your ISP or Server Administrator. If you are accessing persoanl web space that comes with your ISP connection account, then the User ID and Password will usually be that same ones that you dial in with.

  4. Set the transfer type to "ASCII".

  5. Set the Initial Local Directory to the path to the directory containing most of the files that you will be using during this connection. Myself, I have this set to C:\Website\Proramming.

That's it, press the "OK" button and the connection information is set in the program and you'll be back at the FTP Site Manager screen. From now on, to connect to this server, all you have to do is left click once on the the connection name and then click on the "Connect" button. The other way is to simply double click on the connection name.

Once you are logged in, you will be looking at your user interface for the program:


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Changing directories.
Changing directories is even easier than in Windows! Just like in your windows or similar operating systems interface, to change directories you simply double click on the folder/folders to move deeper into a directory/directories. If you want to move up in a directory tree then you just click on the up folder that shows at the top of both the local and remote windows.

If you start doing a lot of programming, your going to start remembering a lot of absolute paths. Yes, you will start remembering them. In this case, particularly if the Net is busy and the FTP client is a little slow, it's quicker simply to use the Change Directory function to get where you want to go. To do this, simply right-click on the right-hand window and choose "Change Directory" or click on "Commands" on the title bar and then click on "Change Directory". You will then be presented with the "Change Directory" dialogue box.

Simply type in the absolute-path to the directory you want to be in or select the absolute-path from the drop-down list and then press "OK".

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Creating ("Making") directories.
Creating diretories is extremley easy with CuteFTP. On your main user interface, in the right-hand window, right-click anywhere and choose the "Make New Directory" option or click on "Commands" on the title bar and choose the Make New Directory" option. You will be presented with this dialogue box:

Simply type the name of the new directory/folder in the space provided and press the "OK" button. The FTP client will tell the server to create the directory.

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Transfering files.
Transfering files is easily accomplished one of two ways. The first way is a two step procedure. First examine the following screen shot and then there will be step by step instructions following it.


For all transfers you must select either ASCII or Binary mode for the transfer. You can see the Radio buttons for these two choices right below the Remote and Local System windows.

First Method
The first method works for both single file transfers and multiple file transfers.

  1. Highlite the file or multiple files, in the left-hand window, that you wish to transfer. Note that if you are transfering multiple files they will have to be either all images or all text/data files.

  2. Once they are all highlit, simply press the "Upload" button Upload Button on the Toolbar. The exact same process works for downloading single or multiple files except that you will have to use the "Download" button instead. Download Button

Second Method
The second method of transfering is very easy but will only transfer one file at a time. Simply pick the file you want to transfer in either window and double click on it. This will transfer it right away.

WARNING:!
When we set up this FTP connection so that the program would remember the connection parameters, we set the transfer type to "ASCII". If you are going to transfer any IMAGE or other Binary type files you must change the transfer mode.

To do this, click on the FTP option on the command line. Next choose Transfer type and then choose Binary. You can now safely transfer Binary files. Once you are done, go back through the above steps and set the transfer mode back to ASCII.

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How to CHMOD files.
CHMODing files is very easy with CuteFTP. You can CHMOD either directories/folders or files. The process is identical for each.

  1. First, on your user interface, in the right-hand window, left click once on a file or directory to highlite it.

  2. Once you have hightlit the directory/file you want to CHMOD, right click on it and from the pop-up menu choose "Change File Attributes"

  3. From the pop up menu, choose the "chmod(UNIX)" option and click on it.
  4. You will now be looking at the "Change File Attributes" dialogue box.

    On this box you will set the CheckBoxes (the above sample is set to 755) to the follwing combinations for the follwing CHMOD's:
    Owner Group Public CHMOD Value
    R-W-X R-X R-X 755
    R-W-X R R 744
    R-W-X R-W R-W 766
    R-W-X R-W-X R-W-X 777

  5. After you have set all the check boxes appropriately, you then just have to press the "OK" button and your all done!

Remeber: if you change the CHMOD of a file, you have to make sure that the directory and all parent directories up to Root level are CHMODed as well!

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Finding the absolute-path.
It is very easy to find the absolute path with the CuteFTP client.

  1. First change the diretory to the directory containing the file that you need the absolute path for.

  2. Next, click on the "Directory" option on the title bar.

    From the bottom of the pop-up menu choose "Directory Info" and then click on it.

  3. Once you have done that, you will be presented with a dialogue box that shows you (top field in the box) the absolute path of the directory.

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